Do you searching for a decorative house plant with unique leaves or flowers, then you are right with “Sedum Plant“. Genus of 600 species of succulent plants within the stonecrop plant family, native to the climatic zone and mountains within the tropics.
Some species are big in greenhouses for his or her unusual foliage and typically showy flowers. Low-growing species are in style in rock gardens and rock walls and as the border in garden borders.
Sedum plant size depends upon its type and condition. That grows 1 to 3 feet in height. Slow growing types can keep nice and little during a pot, whereas quick, ground cowl varieties like herbaceous plants will unfold up to 1″ a month within the season.
Table of Content
- What is a stonecrop plant?
- Other names of Sedum
- Origin (History) of this plant
- What we do before growing this?
- Leaves and flower of Sedum
- Steps of planting a stonecrop plant?
- How to grow a stonecrop (sedum) plant?
- How to care Sedum plant?
- Types of stonecrop
- Use of sedum plant
- Protection against pests
- Interesting Facts
- Questions related to Sedum plant
What is a Stonecrop Plant?
Stonecrop plant could be a massive genus of flowering plants within the family crassulaceae.
Stonecrop plant can be a perennial plant with thick, succulent leaves, fleshy stems, and clusters of star-shaped flowers.
Sedum Plant Names
Sedum plant is mainly known as stonecrop and orpine.
Origin of Sedum Plant
They are found in North American country, Europe, Asia, North Africa, and many are even native to North America. The sedum genus name comes from the Latin “sedo” which means “to sit”. The versatile plants also are in a tiny bit of a tug-of-war encompassing their genus name.
Before Growing Sedum
Before growing Sedum plant:
- Choose a location that gets whole to part of the sun.
- Choose well-drained soil with alkaline pH.
- Take 1 to 2 feet apart.
Leaves and Flower of Sedum
Sedum Plant Leaves & Flowers
Their leaves are typically short, spoon-shaped or typically two-dimensional ovals or spoon-shaped, terribly fleshy, and might typically develop fiery hues within the sun.
The Sedum plant has star-shaped flowers. Star-shaped flowers are sometimes in clusters or sprays that usually amendment color throughout their bloom time.
How to Plant Sedum
Here are the Steps of planting the stonecrop plant.
When to plant?
Plant sedum in springtime after the danger of frost has been completed.
Where to plant?
The Sedum plant quickly grows in the pot. And it is also growing very well on ground soil.
Choose the right soil for sedum
The Sedums sort of terribly well-drained soil with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH scales. Wet, serious clay will cause root and stem root.
How much sun does sedum need?
The Sedums like full or half sun quite four hours of direct sun per day. A couple of sedum species like herb ternatum are timber plants that wish to grow on high rocks in the mottled shade. And a few of the highly varied sedums with pale inexperienced, yellow and white foliage would like mottled daylight to forestall sunburn.
What is the height of this plant?
The Sedum plant grows 1 to 3 feet in height.
Where does this plant grow?
The Sedum plants thrive fully sun, low to average water and most significantly, well-drained soil. Larger varieties are growing to over 2 feet tall and wide for the flower bed and border.
How much water does sedum plant need?
The Sedum plant does not like much water. As a rule of thumb, water sedum whenever the highest two inches of soil are dry. Aim for the bottom of every plant and thoroughly soak the soil.
How to Grow Stonecrop (Sedum) Plant?
For growing Sedum plant, before you dig the holes, started the plants and eyeball their spacing. The plant tag can tell you the way so much apart they must go. The shorter, sprawling kinds of sedum tend to want additional area than the upright sorts. Once the spacing is correct, dig a hole touch wider than, and even as deep as, the foundation ball.
Drop a Miracle-Gro fast Start Planting pill into rock bottom of the opening to present your herb a robust begin and canopy the pill with a skinny layer of soil. Combine the soil as noted on top of. Plant your sedum; therefore, the high of the foundation ball is level with the bottom.
Sedum Plant Care
Water regularly, but not too frequently. Never leave sedum in standing water, as they’re terribly vulnerable to plant disease. Empty the saucer below your pot once every watering. Be sure to water till the soil is saturated and water is escaping the drain hole at an all-time low of your pot.
This replicates the rain succulents receive within the wild and conjointly helps to push healthy root growth. Bottom watering is another choice. Fill instrumentation with water and set the pot within so the soil will absorb the water from an all-time low up. Take away the pot from the water once the highest layer of soil is saturated.
Allow the soil to dry utterly before watering once more.
Sedum plant requires 5-6 hour sunlight. Stonecrops that don’t receive enough lightweight can grow leggy, with the additional exposed stem between the leaves. They’ll conjointly lean toward a light-weight supply, sort of a lamp or window. Low-growing plants will tolerate lower lighting conditions and are sensible for planting in shadier locations or growing inside next to a bright southern-facing window.
If you don’t have realistic lighting, however would still wish to grow these plants inside, you’ll purchase a grow lightweight for your plants or build your own with a daylight spectrum incandescent lamp Associate in Nursingd and recent lamp.
Working a two to four inch layer of compost into the highest twelve to fifteen inches of soil before you plant a sedum obtained from a nursery provides all the nutrients required. Compost isn’t a chemical; however, it contains some nutrients the plant wants. Applying a skinny layer of compost at the bottom of a sedum within the spring adds most of the nutrients it wants, creating compost an honest different to the fine chemical.
In pruning, cut the spent flower stalks on the sedum back to close the bottom of the plant simply higher than new growth because it seems in late winter or early spring. Use sharp, sterile pruning ears, loppers or scissors to get rid of every recent stem with one clean cut.
Pinch showy sedums back once throughout the season by victimization your thumb and therefore the nail on your forefinger to get rid of the highest inches of the stem in late spring or early summer once the plant is eight inches tall. Continually sever the stem simply higher than a leaf node. Pinch or cut low-growing herb stems back to a leaf node whenever they spill over into a path, otherwise outgrow their house or wherever you would like to encourage branching and denser growth.
Keep organic mulches away from the sedum plant.
Fertilizing your stonecrop plant tolerate low-fertility soils. A soil too wealthy in the chemical element will cause clumping plants to flop and flower later. They add an in. thick layer of compost once planting and annually in spring ought to be enough to keep your sedums growing and flowering robustly.
The simplest way to propagate sedums is to require a cutting from the tip of a plant and quickly stick it within the soil. Take a 6-inch tip cutting from a healthy herbaceous plant and take away the lower leaves. Fill a nursery receptacle with damp sand and stick all-time low half the herbaceous plant tips within the soil.
Sedums can wilt and alter colors, some within the winter; however, that’s traditional. Come to watering and fertilizing within the spring once new growth seems. Prune solely pathologic sedums to the bottom within the late fall or early winter. Stop watering and fertilizing within the fall, and don’t do this throughout the winter similarly.
Sedum Plant Types
- Hylotelephium spectabile – This plant could be a species of spermatophyte within the stonecrop family Crassulaceae, native to Choson and China. Its common names ice plant, butterfly sedum and showy sedum.
- Burro’s-tail – Burro’s tail or donkey tail could be a species of flowering plant within the Crassulaceae, native to southern Central American nation and southern Mexico . It’s a succulent perennial manufacturing trailing stems up to sixty cm long, with fleshy blue-green leaves and terminal pink to red flowers in summer.
- Goldmoss sedum – Sedum acre, generally referred to as the mossy sedum, goldmoss sedum, biting sedum and wallpepper, could be a perennial seed plant within the family Crassulaceae. It’s native to Europe, however conjointly planted in North America, Japan and New Zealand.
- Jelly Bean Plant – Sedum rubrotinctum or sedum × rubrotinctum, and generally referred to as jelly-beans, candy plant, or pork and beans. It’s a species of sedum from the family plant family. It’s a succulent plant originating in Mexico.
- Jenny’s sedum – Sedum reflexum or sedum rupestre, conjointly referred to as crooked sedum, Jenny’s sedum, blue sedum, stone Sedum telephium, prick-madam and trip-madam, could be a species of perennial succulent spermatophyte within the plant family, native to northern, central, and southern Europe. It’s conjointly referred to as Petrosedum reflexum.
- White sedum – Sedum album the white Sedum could be a spermatophyte of the genus Sedum within the Crassulaceae. It’s found within the northern temperate regions of the planet, usually growing in crevices or free-draining rocky soil. As a long-day plant, it grows vegetatively for many of the year and flowers in summer.
- Sedum sexangulare – Sedum sexangulare, conjointly referred to as tasteless sedum, could be a species of succulent perennial and evergreen of the genus Sedum. It’s kind of like wall pepper; however, it has shorter and denser leaves. It gained the binomial name for its characteristic six spirals of leaves.
- Sedum divergens – Sedum divergens, generally known as spreading sedum, Pacific sedum or Cascade sedum, could be a low-growing spermatophyte of the genus Sedum. It’s native to western North America from the Last Frontier to northern Golden State.
- Sedum glaucophyllum – Sedum glaucophyllum, the drop sedum, could be a species of sedum native to the range of mountains within the US. From West Virginia, Maryland, Virginia and North geographic area. Sedum plant glaucophyllum could be a prostrate, mat-forming evergreen perennial plant forming patches up to 30–40 cm in diameter.
- Sedum alfredii – This could be a perennial herb in Asia, The sedum plant has high, or tip branched stems that ascend from between ten and twenty cm long. Leaves of herbaceous plant alfredii are deciduous and alternate proximally on the stem. Leaf blades are wedge-shaped with straight lines.
Use of Sedum Plant
- Sedum for Medical – The most widespread and fashionable use of sedum is to treat pain and inflammation. Current analysis is aimed toward revealing its medicament and anti-nociceptive mechanism of action. It is used for the treatment of skin diseases and brain diseases.
- Sedum for Environmental – There is a hyperaccumulating ecotype of herbaceous plant alfredii, a south China native, that’s capable of sequestering and storing high concentrations of Cd and Zn in its shoots. The flexibility to accumulate and tolerate venomous concentrations of metals from the soil is promising for phytoremediation comes. The mechanism by that sedum alfredii hyper accumulates is being asked for the chance of transferring the hyperaccumulation traits into crop species to be used in biofortification.
Sedum Pests and Diseases
Rust diseases are caused by many fungous species happiness to the genus Puccinia genus. Sedums with rust diseases have rust-colored and powdery plant organ growths on their leaves and stem with recent encompassing plant tissues. Management rust diseases by applying an acceptable antimycotic agent to your sedums.
Several different leaf spot diseases will infect sedums and those caused by the fungous species Cercospora, Colletotrichum and Septoria. Leaf spots seem as lesions or as moldering or death patches on the sedum’s leaves and occur most frequently throughout wet conditions. Apply fungicides like thiophanate-methyl or sulfur to regulate leaf spot.
Basal or plant disease
Basal rot is caused by the flora Rhizoctonia solani. This flora rots and collapses the basal stems and turns them black or dark-brown. Root rots are caused by Fusarium fungi species and turn out similar symptoms that are additionally centralized within the sedum’s roots. Most fungicides don’t seem to be effective in treating either basal or plant disease. Take away and destroy sedums infected with these varieties of rot.
- Sedums grow low and wide and are used for ground cover; others grow tall enough to be significant as houseplants.
- Flowering sedums turn out star-shaped flowers, in reminder white, red, orange, yellow and lavender.
- Sedum could be a genus of plants that contains quite four hundred completely different plants.
- Used for the treatment of skin diseases and brain disease.
- Mat-forming Stonecrops are used as inexperienced roof coverings.
- Sedum will store water in its leaves and is ready to endure variable climatic conditions.
- Superior survival in substrate layers as skinny as a pair of to three cm.
- The pores within the leaves solely open at the hours of darkness to reduce the loss of wet throughout the new, dry day.
- White stonecrop might survive quite a hundred days while not water.
Questions related to this plant
1. Reason Why the sedum plant dying?
Crown rot caused by a soil-dwelling plant life causes sedums to decay at the soil line. Botrytis grey mildew attacks sedum leaves and flowers, inflicting blotches to make. Eventually, the leaves and flowers flip brown and die. Discontinue and discard all morbid plant elements and destroy entirely any badly infected plants.
2. Do sedums require sun or shade?
These plants are simply full-grown in any sunny or partially shaded position.
3. Do sedums spread?
No, sedums don’t spread.
4. Is sedum a perennial or annual?
The Sedum is a perennial plant.
5. When do you have to take sedum cuttings?
One is to require stem cuttings, and therefore, the alternative is to require leaf cuttings. Notwithstanding that technique you select, this task is best performed within the early spring, once the plant reaches about four inches tall. Beginning new sedums from stem cuttings may be a straightforward way to propagate them.