Turmeric Plant – How To Grow & Care Curcuma Longa

10 Min Read

The turmeric plant is a blossoming plant. Turmeric plant has been utilized sometime recently thousand of a long time in India. The turmeric plant could be a consistent herbaceous plant of the ginger family. A turmeric plants roots persistently developing horizontal in oblong and lanceolate shape.

Turmeric may be a lasting tropical plant. Curcuma plants lives are small to medium in the estimate. India has been delivered, Expanded and traded the most elevated turmeric within the world.

Turmeric is the moment biggest foreign exchange worker among Indian flavors. India expends about 80% of turmeric. Curcuma is developed in 6% of the entire region beneath flavors and condiments in India. India is the largest maker and exporter of turmeric globally and accounts for 78% of the world’s add up to generation.

“Turmeric is a Panacea”

                                                   By – Purple litmus

Content overview

What is a Curcuma Longa?

What is a Curcuma   

Curcuma is a part of the “ginger  family “.

 This  is called “Indian saffron”. Curcuma is a spice that comes from the “turmeric plant”.

It is commonly used in Asian food Curcuma is a herbal used to pain and treated digestive problems.

Origin (History) of  Turmeric plant

In history, Turmeric dates to around two centuries ago when Vogel and Pelletier reported the isolation of “yellow coloring-matter” from the rhizomes of Curcuma and named it turmeric.

Turmeric was utilized as a culinary spice and had a few devout importance. It likely comes from West Africa by 1200 advertisement and from East Africa by 800 advertisements.

From China by 700 advertisements and Jamaica within the eighteenth century.

Botanical name of Turmeric plant

The Botanical name of this plant is “Curcuma Longa”.

Other name turmeric plant are Curcuma, Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Curcuma aromatica, Curcuma domestica, Curcuma aromatica, Curcumin, Curcumine, Curcuminoid,Curcuminoïdes, Curcuminoids, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron.

What we need before growing this ?

Turmeric can be developed at a temperature extend of 20-300C with a 1500-2250mm precipitation per annum. From ocean level to 1500m. Within the slope, a temperature extends from 20-300C with precipitation of 1500-2250mm per annum.

Curcuma is additionally developed as a watered edit. It flourishes best in a well depleted sandy or clayey soil wealthy in humus substance. It can be developed on diverse soil viz.

Steps of planting Turmeric plant?

Steps of planting Turmeric plant

Best time to plant

The best time to plant Curcuma is in September or October month. Count back 10 months from after you, as a rule, get your to begin with ice within the drop. Begin with ice is around mid-October, So start plant turmeric between mid-December and mid-March.

On the off chance, the developing season is longer. Otherwise, you have a large and sunny indoor space to develop it. Your timing is less basic, But you’re still likely to induce the finest comes about from planting in late winter through spring.

Where to plant turmeric?

where to plant turmeric

The turmeric plant is grown indoor and outdoor. This plant is easily grown in house. You put it in a large pot or planter, so it is growing good.

Ideal Soil for curcuma

Curcuma can be developed on distinctive sorts of soils. It flourishes best in well-drained sandy or clay soil. Soil take with a pH extends of 4.5-7.5 with great natural status.

Curcuma will grow best in sandy soil, which is rich in organic matter.

How much sun does the turmeric plant need?

The turmeric plant is developed in dappled shade and does not like all day long seriously coordinate sun. Considering this keep this plant in halfway sun within the hotter zones. Be that as it may, in mild climates. Give it full sun for optimum growth. A few shades within the evening would be okay.

How long time does it take for turmeric to sprout?

Turmeric will start to grow after 6-10 months of watering in a warm climate. Once you see a stalk begin to stay out of the grower or pot has begun to develop into a developed plant.

How to space a turmeric plant?

how to space curcuma

In indoor pots at the slightest 12 inches (30 cm) profound and 12–18 inches (30–46 cm) wide. Once you plant your rhizomes, they’ll need plenty of space within the pot to develop. Turmeric can develop up to 3.5 feet (1.1 m) tall.

Turmeric outdoor consider employing a planter’s box. This is the guarantee that the rhizome has sufficient space underneath it to develop. A basic box with 1–2 feet (0.30–0.61 m) ought to be more than enough.


Where does the turmeric plant grow?

Turmeric grows most in the forests of Southeast Asia. Erode is known as “Yellow City” or “Turmeric City”.

In India, the  turmeric grows in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Assam.

How much water does Curcuma plant need?

Water turmeric plant almost every two days. And splash it with a fog bottle between watering. When the climate is cold, you may not water it as frequently.

What is a height of turmeric plant?

Turmeric plants reach around 1 meter (3.3 feet) in tallness. And bear long basic clears out with long petioles (leaf stems). The leaves develop from the branching rhizomes that lie fair underneath the soil surface.

How to grow Curcuma?

Grow Curcuma as you would plant ginger or potato. To develop it, you’ll get to plant a turmeric rhizome, which is a youthful length of turmeric root. Cut the rhizomes into 5.1–15.2 cm (2–6 in) pieces so that each piece has 2-3 buds. Fill each grower or pot with 7.6–15.2 cm (3–6 inches) of preparing Soil.

Turmeric growing steps

Discover Soil which may be a somewhat antacid soil with a pH between 6-8. Place a rhizome within the center of the Soil. Pivot the rhizome, so that lion’s share of buds are confronting up towards the opening of the pot. Suppose the buds are on arbitrary sides of the rhizome. Pivot it so that the majority of the buds are indicating towards the opening of the pot.

The stalks of your turmeric plant are planning to develop out of the buds. So as long as most of them are facing the opening of the pot. They are likely to develop within the course of the opening. Don’t stress approximately a stalk developing out the foot of your pot or grower. Cover the rhizome with preparing Soil and taking off 2.5–5.1 cm (1–2 in) at the beat. Water your pots or grower completely until the Soil is damp.

How to care Turmeric Plant?

care Turmeric Plant


Suppose you’re developing your Turmeric in a container. Water as it were after you feel the soil somewhat dry to the touch. This will avoid filtering out supplements due to overwatering.

If your Turmeric is developed in sandy soil or your plant develops in the dry moo stickiness range. Water frequently or fog the leaves.

The turmeric plants require reliably and satisfactorily watering. Overwatering will moderate down growth.

Amount of sunlight

The tips of the turmeric leaves will burn in case the plant is in as well. Midday sun or if the soil gets to be dry.


Fertilize your turmeric plants 4-5 times, employing a common reason. Vegetable and natural products(fruit) fertilizer amid the developing period. Suppose the turmeric clears out, getting to be yellow or burn at the edges.

It implies that you are over-watering and/or signs of inadequate nutrients. Suppose developing turmeric in a holder. Bolstering with fertilizer will give good supplements to the plants.

Fertilize around the base of the shoots but absent from the stems. Fertilize turmeric plants for a common reason. Fluid fertilizer amid are developing season each third week.

Protect against pests and disease

Turmeric plants are inclined to contagious disorders such as leaf spots. And leaf smudge that causes brown spots on the leaves. And may cause leaves to dry and wither. Splashing natural fungicides can help.

Tiny insect vermin may posture an issue. These are vermin in huge numbers may slaughter the plant. Powerful water shower of the turmeric plant can wash absent creepy-crawly vermin. I shower the foliage with neem oil splash once a month.

The root and rhizome spoil can dry the takes off, and rhizomes are rotted.


propagation of curcuma plant

Propagation of turmeric is through pieces of rhizome. But this is often a moderate handle since the rhizome incorporates a torpidity period.

Turmeric is most commonly and effectively propagated by separating the beefy root and planting these sections.

Turmeric seeds, even though reasonably uncommon. And in some cases, troublesome to get. Are another implies by which turmeric is every so often propagated.


Winter care

Sprinkle fair a bit of water within the pot a handful of times over winter, so the tubers do not dry out. Bring your Curcuma back outside to a shaded or mostly shaded spot in spring after all peril of ice has passed with warm temperatures and dampness. The tubers ought to rapidly continue modern development.


harvesting of curcuma plant

Turmeric is prepared to harvest when the takes off and the stem turn brown and dry, almost seven to 10 months after planting.

Tip out the plants, soil, and all, and shake the dirt off your new Turmeric. Cut the stems off an inch or so over the mass of rhizomes and wash the rhizomes well.

Verities of Turmeric Plant

Alleppey Turmeric plant

Alleppey turmeric is known for its tall mutt cumin, warm and mellow smell, and distinctive yellow color to different dishes. This Turmeric is generally known for its personal highlights. It highlights a characteristic yellow color and is available in whole and powdered foam.

Local haldi 

Local Haldi renders a rich color and unmistakable flavor to the nourishment. It is also broadly acclaimed for its therapeutic properties like blood filtration and intestinal incitement and, in this way, is extensively utilized in domestic cures. Haldi Powder are very productive and carries a great flavor to the food. This haldi powder worked as an excellent anti-scarring agent when mixed with milk and applied to the skin.

Red Streaked Turmeric plant

Red Streaked Turmeric that includes flavor and color to the nourishment conjointly has imperative therapeutic properties. Turmeric powder not as it was utilized as a nourishment fixing but moreover used in promising social events.

China Scented Turmeric plant

China Scented Turmeric that’s one of the most seasoned spices. It is a yellow flavor with a warm and smooth taste. It is gently fragrant and has fragrances of orange or ginger. Further, these are utilized in Indian cooking for including color, flavor, and smell to the dish.

Thodupuzha Turmeric plant

Thodupuzha Turmeric that’s broadly utilized to include flavor to the nourishment. This Turmeric consists of a warm & mellow smell and transparent yellow color to various dishes. This can be used too in curry powder to include a kind flavor to different curries.

Curcuma effect on the human body

Turmeric plant as an antiseptic

Turmeric may be a characteristic sterile and antibacterial operator that can be utilized as an effective disinfectant. Analysts have found that the dynamic components in Turmeric make it one of the finest defenders against radiation-induced tumors.

Turmeric Makes a difference Boost Immunity

Lipopolysaccharide – a substance in Turmeric with antibacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal Specialists makes a difference invigorate the safe human framework.

Take a teaspoon of the zest powder in a glass of warm drain day by day, and you’ll see it work ponders, so it diminishes your chances of catching the flu.

Turmeric may be brain food

There is developing prove that curcumin can cross the blood-brain obstruction. And may offer assistance to ensure against Alzheimer’s infection. It works to diminish aggravation as well as the build-up of protein plaques within the brain. These are characteristic of Alzheimer’s illness sufferers.

Another thing about 60 patients appeared that curcumin was as compelling as an anti-depressant in treating discouragement. They were boosting levels of the brain-derived neurotropic figure.

Turmeric for skin

Turmeric contains cancer prevention agents and anti-inflammatory components. These characteristics may give shine and gloss to the skin. Turmeric may too revitalize your skin by bringing out its characteristic glow. You will need to undertake turmeric confront cover at domestic to see if the flavor has any positive impacts on your skin.

Turmeric for cancer

Curcumin is the most dynamic fixing within the flavor turmeric. Even though Turmeric is fundamentally a culinary zest, it’s too utilized in conventional Indian pharmaceuticals. Its extricate curcumin is thought to have numerous well-being benefits. Analysts are examining its potential to treat cancer and other conditions.

It makes strides liver function

The antioxidant impact of Turmeric shows up to be so effective that it may halt your liver from being harmed by poisons. This can be great news for individuals who take solid drugs for diabetes and other well-being.

Conditions that might harm their liver with long-term utilize.

Turmeric Helps In Digestion

For a stomach-related issue, Turmeric can offer assistance to oversee the condition. The major components of the zest invigorate the gallbladder to create bile. They are immediately making the stomach-related framework more effective. It is additionally known to decrease indications of bloating and gas.

Curcumin for diabetes

Curcumin may have a part in diabetes anticipation. More clinical trials with people are required for a higher understanding of curcumin and turmeric’s impacts. Other investigate recommends that Turmeric extrication may offer assistance stabilize blood sugar levels and make diabetes more sensible.

Interesting facts of the turmeric plant

Turmeric will Improve the Antioxidant Capacity of the Body.
Curcumin has harmed the liver in the long term utilize.
This has been Containing Bioactive Compounds With Effective Restorative Properties.
Curcumin Ought to Lower Your Chance of Heart Illness.
The Person who took exceptionally tall sums of turmeric, over 1500 mg twice daily, experienced an unsafe irregular heartbeat.
Turmeric Can Help Prevent Cancer.
Curcumin May Be Useful Alzheimer’s Disease.
Curcumin gives Benefits Against Depression.

Question related turmeric plant

1. Is it secure to require a turmeric plant each day?

Turmeric is secure for most individuals when devoured in sums found in nourishment. But curcumin can have side impacts when taken in huge dosages. A few supplements contain up to 500 milligrams of turmeric extricate, and their names suggest taking four capsules per day.

2. Can the turmeric plant burn stomach fat?

Curcumin can stifle fat tissue development. Another way in which turmeric makes a difference in losing weight by directing sugar levels and assist anticipating affront resistance.

3. Can turmeric plants grow in full sun?

NO, it need only partial sun.

4. How much turmeric plant take in one day?

Take 1/2 – 1.5 teaspoons per day of the dried root powder, certified natural. Commonplace measurements of supplemental curcumin are approximately 250mg per day and regularly expanded when managing a condition.

5. Is the turmeric plant annual or perennial?

It is a perennial herb.



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Chameli(Jasmine) Flower: The King Of Fragnant

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