Hosta plant is an attractive plant for your house and garden. Hostas are widely cultivated as shade-tolerant foliage plants. This plant are Available in Large, medium and small size. Hosts do not need much care.
This plant is a nonwoody perennial plant, growing from rhizomes or stolons, with broad non-subdivided or ovate leaves variable wide in size by species from 3–45 cm long and 2–30 cm.
Hostas are native to Japan, China, and Korea. Plant hostas in equally damp, humus-rich soil in light-weight to full shade. Hosts are robust, versatile, and convertible. The sifted sun is best for the colorful assortments to realize their blue shapes, full potential and especially gold. The green-leaved varieties are the foremost shade tolerant.
Table of Content
- What is the Funkia?
- Other Names of Hosta plant
- Hosta plant History
- Steps of Planting Funkia
- How does Funkia plant Grow
- Hosta plant Care
- The Different Types of this Plant
- Interesting Facts
- Protect against Pests and Disease
- Interesting Facts
- Questions Related to this Plant
What is the Funkia?
Funkia genus is placed within the “asparagaceae” family and taxonomic category (subfamily) of the “Agavoideae” family.
Hostas are widely cultivated as shade-tolerant foliage plants.
This genus is native to northeast Asia.
Other Names of Hosta plant
Other names of this plant are plantain lilies, funkia.
Hosta Plant History
The origin of the genus Hosta plants has been copied to China’s made, shady forests, wherever they grew wild. From there, genus Hosta migrated throughout Asia, Russia and Korea. Consistent with genus Hosta plant history, there have been roughly forty species native to Asia, a number of that were a pretty shade of blue.
The Hostas were introduced from Japan to Europe by Philipp Franz von Siebold within the mid-19th century, originating from shady locations with additional wet than they’re usually cultivated.
Leaves and Flower
Leaf shapes can be circular, oval, heart-shaped or lance-shaped. The surface of the leaves may be smooth, creased, dimpled or puckered. Most hostas have moderately expansive leaves. The genus Hosta plant has ovate leaves that vary widely in size by species from 1–18 in (3–45 cm) long and 0. 75–12 in (2–30 cm) broad.
The genus Hosta plants conjointly turn out pretty flowers from early summer to early fall in pink, lavender, light blue, or white. The individual flowers are sometimes nodding, 2–5 cm long, with six petals. The sole powerfully odoriferous species are genus Hosta plantaginea, which has white flowers up to 10 cm long.
Steps of Planting Funkia
- When to plant?
Plant the hosta from early spring to late summer, up to 30 days before the first frost in fall.
- Where to plant?
Hosta plant easily grow in the pot.
Take the pot or container which has at least 20 inches in diameter.
- How deep to plant hosta?
Plant hosta at least 11 inches deep in pot.
- What type of soil to use?
Hosta plants like systematically wet soil; however, they thrive solely wherever the drain is nice. This plant can grow best in that soil that is fertile and choked with organic matter. Avoid planting hostas in significant clay soil.
- How much sun does hosta plant need?
Hostas are known as shade partners; the finest light conditions for development is dappled light for much of the day.
Hostas are additional vigorous and can show the best colors once given some exposure to the sun, like morning sun with afternoon shade. The full sun within the morning is a smaller amount intense than full sun in the early afternoon.
- Do hostas want legion water?
Like several perennial plants, watering a Funka deep is imperative on average; they need an in. (2.5 cm.) of water weekly. By establishing a weekly watering schedule, plants will develop additional sturdy footage that can access water deep within the soil.
- How much water will genus Funka plant need?
Watering a genus Funka deep be imperative on average. They need concerning n 2.5 cm of water hebdomadally. By establishing a weekly watering schedule, plants will develop an additional strong scheme that’s higher ready to access water deep within the soil.
Hosta plant Care
Check the particular lightweight necessities of your genus Hosta selection. If the leaves develop brown tips, they need pale areas, or their color is boring, the plant has also obtained an excessive amount of sun Hostas square measure true shade garden plants that may survive fully shade.
However, many sorts grow best once they receive mottled sun for some hours daily. Once plants have inexperienced and yellow varied leaves, exposure to the morning sun helps enhance the yellow coloring.
Fertilizing this plant by adding a healthy layer of compost to the soil within the spring. This plant feeds nutrients to the soil and helps promote the soil food cycle. You’ll also be able to feed hostas with a well-balanced fertilizer and apply it when planting or once plants begin to return up in spring.
Fertilizing hostas in containers may be a bit additionally concerned since the upper frequency of watering strips the soil of nutrients comparatively quickly. Feed potted plants at the beginning of the season with a slow-release chemical. Feed once each period with soluble chemicals throughout the season.
Be careful not to get chemical granules at bay within the leaves, which might burn them.
Stop feeding four months before the winter dormancy amount to step by step harden off the plant.
Hostas, all parts are toxic for the animal(dogs, cats). however, this plant isn’t toxic for humans.
The animal eats the genus Hosta leaves; flowers could expertise bloating, diarrhea, forcing out and depression.
Dogs can also suffer from twisting intestines, whereas cats that eat giant quantities of the plant could see expert heart abnormalities.
Cut off any yellow, dead or broken leaves with shears. Take away these leaves at their bases, wherever they emerge from the most plants.
Remove the dead foliage and stalks from the garden bed when pruning. Dead material left around the genus Funka will harbor harmful pests or illness organisms.
Trim off the stalk at its base. Cut the stalks when the blooms wilt on varieties that turn out engaging flowers. Take away the stalks before they flower on foliage varieties that turn out little or unattractive flowers. Flowering diverts energy from the leaves; therefore, trimming the stalks may end up in larger leaves.
Prune back all the dead foliage to the bottom of the plant when it yellows and dies back naturally in the fall. Find the take-away leaf rubbish and loose or compost it.
Hosts do not stay green all winter; thus, when the primary frost of fall, you’ll likely wish to chop them back – otherwise, they will look dried out and dead all winter long. Use shears or scissors to chop them back to some inches. They will return the call in the spring. You’ll be able to cut hostas flowers additionally.
Spread a wood chip or bark protuberance mulch over the soil, including the Funka, in spring or early summer when the plants have risen from torpidity. Apply the mulch to a 2-inch depth.
Pull the mulch back from the foot of the Funka. Leave a two-inch house between the foot of the stem and lower foliage and thus the mulch layer. Mulch against the stems holds damp and will cause rot.
Replenish the mulch layer in late summer. Wood and bark mulches break down, which includes supplements to the soil. Include sufficient mulch to require care of a 2-inch profundity.
Types of the Hosta Plant
- Hosta cracker crumbs
This plant is a miniature, invasive liliid monocot genus. Tall this variety is twenty cm. and it’s unfolded fifty cm. It’s tiny, finely pointed leaves in an exceedingly spirited shade of lime inexperienced, and every leaf has an attractive darker inexperienced edge. The flowers are dark mauve.
- Hosta frosted Mouse Ears
This plant is a miniature Hosta with thick, curled smoky-green foliage. Tall, this variety is twenty cm long. And it’s unfolded thirty-five cm. This selection produces a dense cluster of tiny leaves, every with a different lime inexperienced, irregular margin. The flowers are purple.
- Hosta slickness
This plant is a medium-sized liliid monocot genus. Tall, this variety is forty cm long. And it’s unfolded ninety cm. The leaves are elongated and delicate, with thick white margins at the start of the season, then dynamical to a yellowish-green later within the summer. Conjointly grows well in an exceedingly sunny position.
- Hosta Kikutii
This plant is medium-sized, with engaging slender, pointed leaves in an exceedingly lush mid-green color. Tall it’s 40cm. And it’s unfolded sixty cm. Ideal for making a distinction among deciduous hosts, it bears lavender-colored flowers.
- Hosta Revolution
This plant is a massive liliid monocot genus with broad, pointed foliage. It produces a bright distinction in shady areas because the deep-green leaves are varied with a cream-colored central flare. Tall it’s 40cm. And it’s unfolded sixty cm. The lilac-mauve flowers seem in summer.
- Hosta Halcyon
This plant makes a dense clump of blue-green, oval foliage with pale lavender flowers in the Gregorian calendar month of August. This plant can be conjointly a slug-resistant Hosta selection. This medium-sized selection reaches a height and unfolds around. Tall it’s fifty cm. and it’s unfolded twenty cm.
- Hosta Frances Williams
This plant is a cadet, blue-green leaves, edged gold in summer. It then bears white flowers from the Gregorian calendar month for July. It’s conjointly a slug-resistant genus Funka selection. Tall it’s sixty cm long. And it’s unfolded hundred m.
- Hosta One Man’s Treasure
This plant is a broad, nevertheless pointed leaves, that area unit, lush inexperienced in color. Tall it’s thirty cm long. And it’s unfolded sixty cm. It’s an excellent selection of pots; wherever its uncommon red stems will be accustomed full result.
- Hosta Love Pat
This plant is medium in size, with broad, thick foliage. Every leaf is a pretty smoky blue color, virtually spherical, whereas the flowers are a unit lilac. Tall it’s sixty cm long. And it’s unfolded sixty cm.
- Hosts hanky panky
This plant is a medium-sized genus Funka. The leaves are elongated and delicate, with thick white margins at the start of the season, then dynamical to a yellowish-green later within the summer. Tall it’s fifty cm long. And it’s unfolded eighty cm. conjointly grows well in a very sunny position.
Protect against Pests and Disease
The virus is usually transmitted once cutting plants throughout which period the infected sap of 1 plant comes in-tuned with a brand new plant. Destroy infected plants, totally clean your tools and ne’er divide an infected plant. For defense, Use a discerning eye once choosing hostas.
Due to this drawback, leaves become limp and mushy on the bottom of the stem. The leaves force the most plants. For defense, Do not transplant any infected plants or those you believe could also be infected. Take away infected tissue, taking care not to unfold the flora.
Due to this drawback, brown spots within the leaves enlarge and develop dark borders. The spots drop out of the plant, and therefore the leaves fight a tattered look. For defense, take away infected leaves, water with soaker hoses rather from higher than, replace the mulch and guarantee there’s an area for air circulation between the plants.
Bacterial plant disease
Due to this drawback, Leaves can flip yellow. For defense, take away and get rid of infected plants. Clean any tools that came in-tuned with the plant yet as your hands and gloves.
- Hosta plants grow best in the shade with filtered daylight.
- All Hosta plant varieties turn out flowers within the summer.
- Hosta plants are thought of as the queen of the shade garden plants.
- Some species have aromatic.
- Hostas all half are poisonous for the animal (dogs, cats). But this plant is not poisonous to humans.
Questions Related to this Plant
1. Does Hosta want sun?
Hostels are nice plants for a low-maintenance garden, with many types to settle on from. Although they’re thought of as shade-tolerant plants, most won’t thrive if full-grown in deep shade. Several hosts square measures additional vigorous and can show best colors once given some exposure to the sun, like morning sun with afternoon shade.
2. How long do Hosta plants live?
Hostas need very little care and can live to be thirty or additional years if properly cared for. Whereas most noted for thriving within the shade garden, the fact is additional nuanced. The perfect scenario is mottled shade.
3. Do hostas had best in pots?
Hosts thrive in made, well-draining potting combine. Make certain the instrumentality has enough evacuation holes and fill the pot with the potting combine. For a full look, plant hosts at intervals a few inches of the container’s rim.
4. When must you pot hostas?
Spring division is a little four-week window. Once the Hosta eyes are taking drugs and before they need to be begun to unroll, the window of chance to form your move.
5. How deep do Hosta roots go?
Hostas don’t grow deep into the soil, sometimes no deeper than one shovel depth close to. Wide holes are higher than deep holes since Hosta roots sometimes extend as so much or afar from the middle of the plant because the foliage will.