Primrose is an indoor plant. It contains 490-600 species of plants and belongs to the Primulaceae family. These are mainly found in colder or more mountainous regions in the Northern Hemisphere. Most species are 10 to 20 inches (25 to 50 cm) tall, but some species are as short as 2 inches (5 cm). Their flowers have many colors, which can be red, pink, white, yellow, blue, and purple. These flowers have five petals in which these petals have a different color on the outside and a different color on the inside.
So the flowers of this plant look attractive. Two species of this plant, fairy primrose (P. melacoides) and Chinese primrose (P. sinensis), are grown in greenhouses. P. Auricula, also a hybrid, gave rise to numerous varieties in the 17th century, of which primrose is one. The leaves of this plant are wrinkled and dark green.
The primrose is known as the “first flower of spring.” The name is given to it from the Latin flor de primavera. Primula vulgaris and the common primrose are species of flowering plants in the Primulaaceae family, which are more common in parts of South-East Asia, North-West Africa, and East-South Europe.
Primrose Plant Overview
- Common Name: Primrose, polyanthus
- Family: Primulaceae
- Plant Type: Perennial, annual
- Bloom Time: Spring
- Soil Type: Moist, well-drained
- Soil pH: Acidic
- Sun Exposure: Partial
- Height: 6 to 20 inches
- Width: 8 to 20 inches
- Flowers Color: Red, pink, orange, yellow, blue, purple, white
- Hardiness Zones: 3-8 (USDA)
- Native Area: North America, Europe, South America
- Toxicity: Toxic to people and pets
Types of Primrose Plant
Oenothera Speciosa grows in hardiness zones 4 through 9. These flowers bloom from spring to autumn. It has bright white fragrant flowers. The flowers of this plant bloom in the evening and last till morning. Oenothera Speciosa plants are best grown in alkaline soil, where they grow faster.
Primula Belarina Cobalt Blue
The name Bellary Cobalt Blue itself suggests that this plant will have dark blue colored flowers that bloom only during spring. This plant can tolerate partial light and grows in hardiness zones 4 through 8. They can be infected by slugs, leaf and budworms, aphids and leaf flies.
Primula Zebra Blue
Zebra Blue From the name of this plant itself, we know that the plant’s flowers have zebra-like striped blue and white petals, with a yellow or golden color in the center of the flower. This plant grows in zones 4 to 8 and prefers partial sunlight. This flowering season begins in late winter and lasts until late spring.
Francisca primrose flowers bloom in early spring and last until late summer. The petals of this plant are green in color with a yellow or golden center. This plant works to beautify the garden. These flowers bloom quickly and grow in hardiness zones 4 through 8
How to Care and Grow Primrose Plant
Primrose plants are straightforward to grow. These plants are often found growing in nurseries and gardens. When taking a primrose plant, make sure that it has no open buds and that the plant is healthy. Growing primroses from seed requires a mixture of soil, peat moss and sand. It can be placed indoors or outdoors depending on the climate and environment of your area. Primroses can be grown and sold from seed. These seeds are sown during the winter months. These primrose plants are planted in the garden after they grow two or three leaves.
- Plant your primrose plant in a location where it receives partial light. It does best in partially shaded areas. You should place this primrose plant in the garden or at home, where it gets some sunlight because it dries up when exposed to too much sun.
- This primrose plant thrives in soil rich in organic matter with a slightly acidic pH level.
- When planting your primrose plants, remember to leave about ten inches of space between your plants and about five inches of moist soil.
- Give your plants enough water. Too much water will burn the roots.
- Fertilize these plants with liquid fertilizer in early spring to get good profit from planting these primrose plants for best flower development.
Hybrid primrose prefer a partially shaded location. They should have a place where they get morning sun but cannot tolerate summer heat. Some species of primroses require full shade.
Primroses prefer acidic soil with a suitable pH. The soil should be rich in organic matter to keep the soil prosperous. This plant prefers moist soil.
Hybrid primrose needs regular watering but cannot tolerate high humidity. Dry the top soil surface to re-water. This plant does not like to be constantly wet as too much water will burn its roots.
Applying a balanced or bloom-boosting fertilizer (10-10-10 or 5-10-5) to hybrid primrose in early spring promotes better flower development. Other fertilizers, such as more profuse-blooming varieties, and double-flowering can also be used. Fertilize the soil for this plant once a season.
Temperature and Humidity
There are many different species of primrose, and these other species require different temperatures. Primroses need zones 5 to 7. They prefer low cool climates and can burn quickly due to the summer sun, so the summer sun is harmful to them.
How to Get Primrose to Bloom Primroses prefer night temperatures between 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit and daytime temperatures below 80 degrees Fahrenheit to thrive. So keep this plant as an indoor plant in your home area. The flower of this plant prefers an excellent partial light environment to thrive.
Common Pests & Plant Diseases
Like many plants, primroses are also affected by diseases and pests. Aphids are one of them, making the soft tissues of your plants their home. These aphids live under the leaves and suck the sap and they live with their group. Mosaic virus is spread by aphids, which spread from one plant to another. Destroy infected plants to protect other plants from this virus.
Benefits of Primrose Plant
- It may help ease acne
- It may help ease eczema
- It may help relieve PMS symptoms
- It may help minimize breast pain
- It may help reduce hot flashes
- It may help improve heart health
- It can help reduce nerve pain
- It may help ease bone pain
When to Plant Primrose
When to plant primrose will depend on us. You can plant them both from seeds and as plants. If you are planting from seeds then autumn season is best for it. But if you are planting as a small plant, plant in spring.
Where to plant primroses
A location with adequate shade is best for primroses. This plant grows rapidly in partial shade. Such as a garden with morning light and a place shaded by trees.